Which remote URL should I use?
There are several ways to clone repositories available on GitHub.
When you view a repository while signed in to your account, the URLs you can use to clone the project onto your computer are available below the repository details:
For information on setting or changing your remote URL, see "Changing a remote's URL."
Cloning with HTTPS URLs (recommended)
https:// clone URLs are available on all repositories, public and private. These URLs work everywhere--even if you are behind a firewall or proxy. In certain cases, if you'd rather use SSH, you might be able to use SSH over the HTTPS port.
git pull, or
git push to a remote repository using HTTPS URLs on the command line, you'll be asked for your GitHub username and password.
If you have enabled two-factor authentication, or if you are accessing an organization that uses SAML single sign-on, you must provide a personal access token instead of entering your password for HTTPS Git.
Cloning with SSH URLs
SSH URLs provide access to a Git repository via SSH, a secure protocol. To use these URLs, you must generate an SSH keypair on your computer and add the public key to your GitHub account. For information on setting up an SSH keypair, see "Generating an SSH key."
git pull, or
git push to a remote repository using SSH URLs, you'll be prompted for a password and must provide your SSH key passphrase.
If you are accessing an organization that uses SAML single sign-on, you won't be able to clone with SSH. Instead, clone with the HTTPS URL.
Tip: SSH URLs can be used locally, or as a secure way of deploying your code to production servers. You can also use SSH agent forwarding with your deploy script to avoid managing keys on the server.
Cloning with Subversion
You can also use a Subversion client to access any repository on GitHub. Subversion offers a vastly different feature set than Git; for a quick overview, see "What are the differences between Subversion and Git?"
We have a separate article with more information on how to interact with GitHub using Subversion.