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About GitHub Packages

GitHub 包注册表 is a software package hosting service that allows you to host your software packages privately or publicly and use packages as dependencies in your projects.

GitHub 包注册表 可用于 GitHub Free、GitHub Pro、GitHub Team、GitHub Enterprise Cloud 和 GitHub One。 GitHub 包注册表 is not available for private repositories owned by accounts using legacy per-repository plans. 更多信息请参阅“GitHub 的产品”。

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About packages

A package is a self-contained and reusable piece of software that includes code and metadata, such as current version number, name, and the package's dependencies, that a developer bundles together in a common place for others to use. Packages simplify using and distributing solutions to common problems such as needing a common framework for developing a project, testing runners and linters to improve code quality, or introducing industry-standard machine learning tools to power your application.

关于 GitHub 包注册表

GitHub 包注册表 is a package hosting service, fully integrated with GitHub. GitHub 包注册表 combines your source code and packages in one place to provide integrated permissions management and billing, so you can centralize your software development on GitHub.

您可以在公共仓库中发布包(公共包)以与所有 GitHub 共享,或者在私有仓库中发布包(私有包)以与协作者或组织分享。 You can use GitHub roles and teams to limit who can install or publish each package, as packages inherit the permissions of the repository. Anyone with read permissions for a repository can install a package as a dependency in a project, and anyone with write permissions can publish a new package version.

You can host multiple packages in one repository and see more information about each package by viewing the package's README, download statistics, version history, and more.

You can integrate GitHub 包注册表 with GitHub APIs, GitHub 操作, and webhooks to create an end-to-end DevOps workflow that includes your code, CI, and deployment solutions.

关于 GitHub 包注册表 的计费

公共包免费使用 GitHub 包注册表。 对于私有包,每个 GitHub 帐户可获得一定数量的免费存储和数据传输,具体取决于帐户所使用的产品。 默认情况下,您的帐户支出限额为 0 美元,这将防止您在达到包含的限额后额外使用存储或数据传输。 如果您的支出限额高于默认的 0 美元,您将会收到额外存储或数据传输的帐单,也称为超限费用,最高可达到您的支出限额。 For more information, see "About billing for GitHub 包注册表."

支持的客户端和格式

GitHub 包注册表 uses the native package tooling commands you're already familiar with to publish and install package versions.

GitHub 包注册表 目前支持以下客户端和格式。

包客户端 语言 包格式 描述
npm JavaScript package.json Node package manager
gem Ruby Gemfile RubyGems package manager
mvn Java pom.xml Apache Maven project management and comprehension tool
gradle Java build.gradlebuild.gradle.kts Gradle build automation tool for Java
docker N/A Dockerfile Docker container management platform
dotnet CLI .NET nupkg NuGet package management for .NET

For more information about configuring your package client for use with GitHub 包注册表, see "Using GitHub 包注册表 with your project's ecosystem."

About tokens

您需要访问令牌才能发布、安装和删除 GitHub 包注册表 中的包。 您可以使用个人访问令牌直接向 GitHub 包注册表 或 GitHub API 验证您的用户名。 您可以使用 GITHUB_TOKEN 以通过 GitHub 操作 工作流程进行身份验证。

When you create a personal access token, you can assign the token different scopes depending on your needs. For more information, see "Creating a personal access token for the command line" and "Available scopes" in GitHub 开发者文档.

You can only delete private packages. To install, publish, or delete a certain package, you must use a token with the appropriate scope, and your user account must have appropriate permissions for that repository. For example, to download and install packages from a repository, your token must have the read:packages scope, and your user account must have read permissions for the repository. If the repository is private, your token must also have the repo scope.

Scope Description Repository permissions
read:packages Download and install packages from GitHub 包注册表 读取
write:packages Upload and publish packages to GitHub 包注册表 写入
delete:packages Delete specified versions of private packages from GitHub 包注册表 管理员
repo Install, upload, and delete certain packages in private repositories (along with read:packages, write:packages, or delete:packages) read, write, or admin

When you create a GitHub 操作 workflow, you can use the GITHUB_TOKEN to publish and install packages in GitHub 包注册表 without needing to store and manage a personal access token. For more information, see "Using GitHub 包注册表 with GitHub 操作."

Managing packages

You can a delete a version of a private package on GitHub or using the GraphQL API. When you use the GraphQL API to query and delete private packages, you must use the same token you use to authenticate to GitHub 包注册表. For more information, see "Deleting a package" and "Forming calls with GraphQL" in GitHub 开发者文档.

You can configure webhooks to subscribe to package-related events, such as when a package is published or updated. For more information, see "PackageEvent" in GitHub 开发者文档.

联系支持

If you have feedback or feature requests for GitHub 包注册表, use the feedback form for GitHub 包注册表.

Contact GitHub 支持 about GitHub 包注册表 using our contact form if:

  • You experience anything that contradicts the documentation
  • You encounter vague or unclear errors
  • Your published package contains sensitive data, such as GDPR violations, API Keys, or personally identifying information

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