Building and testing Java with Ant
You can create a continuous integration (CI) workflow in GitHub Actions to build and test your Java project with Ant.
GitHub Actions is available with GitHub Free, GitHub Pro, GitHub Free for organizations, GitHub Team, GitHub Enterprise Cloud, and GitHub One. GitHub Actions is not available for private repositories owned by accounts using legacy per-repository plans. For more information, see "GitHub's products."
This guide shows you how to create a workflow that performs continuous integration (CI) for your Java project using the Ant build system. The workflow you create will allow you to see when commits to a pull request cause build or test failures against your default branch; this approach can help ensure that your code is always healthy. You can extend your CI workflow to upload artifacts from a workflow run.
GitHub-hosted runners have a tools cache with pre-installed software, which includes Java Development Kits (JDKs) and Ant. For a list of software and the pre-installed versions for JDK and Ant, see "Software installed on GitHub-hosted runners".
You should be familiar with YAML and the syntax for GitHub Actions. For more information, see:
We recommend that you have a basic understanding of Java and the Ant framework. For more information, see the Apache Ant Manual.
GitHub provides an Ant workflow template that will work for most Ant-based Java projects. For more information, see the Ant workflow template.
To get started quickly, you can choose the preconfigured Ant template when you create a new workflow. For more information, see "Starting with preconfigured workflow templates."
You can also add this workflow manually by creating a new file in the
.github/workflows directory of your repository.
name: Java CI on: [push] jobs: build: runs-on: ubuntu-latest steps: - uses: actions/checkout@v2 - name: Set up JDK 1.8 uses: actions/setup-java@v1 with: java-version: 1.8 - name: Build with Ant run: ant -noinput -buildfile build.xml
This workflow performs the following steps:
checkoutstep downloads a copy of your repository on the runner.
setup-javastep configures the Java 1.8 JDK.
- The "Build with Ant" step runs the default target in your
build.xmlin non-interactive mode.
The default workflow templates are excellent starting points when creating your build and test workflow, and you can customize the template to suit your project’s needs.
The starter workflow template configures jobs to run on Linux, using the GitHub-hosted
ubuntu-latest runners. You can change the
runs-on key to run your jobs on a different operating system. For example, you can use the GitHub-hosted Windows runners.
Or, you can run on the GitHub-hosted macOS runners.
You can also run jobs in Docker containers, or you can provide a self-hosted runner that runs on your own infrastructure. For more information, see "Workflow syntax for GitHub Actions."
The starter workflow template sets up the
PATH to contain OpenJDK 8 for the x64 platform. If you want to use a different version of Java, or target a different architecture (
x86), you can use the
setup-java action to choose a different Java runtime environment.
For example, to use version 9.0.4 of the JDK for the x64 platform, you can use the
setup-java action and configure the
architecture parameters to
steps: - uses: actions/checkout@v2 - name: Set up JDK 9.0.4 for x64 uses: actions/setup-java@v1 with: java-version: '9.0.4' architecture: x64
For more information, see the
You can use the same commands that you use locally to build and test your code.
The starter workflow will run the default target specified in your build.xml file. Your default target will commonly be set to build classes, run tests and package classes into their distributable format, for example, a JAR file.
If you use different commands to build your project, or you want to run a different target, you can specify those. For example, you may want to run the
jar target that's configured in your build-ci.xml file.
steps: - uses: actions/checkout@v2 - uses: actions/setup-java@v1 with: java-version: 1.8 - name: Run the Ant jar target run: ant -noinput -buildfile build-ci.xml jar
After your build has succeeded and your tests have passed, you may want to upload the resulting Java packages as a build artifact. This will store the built packages as part of the workflow run, and allow you to download them. Artifacts can help you test and debug pull requests in your local environment before they're merged. For more information, see "Persisting workflow data using artifacts."
Ant will usually create output files like JARs, EARs, or WARs in the
build/jar directory. You can upload the contents of that directory using the
steps: - uses: actions/checkout@v2 - uses: actions/setup-java@v1 - run: ant -noinput -buildfile build.xml - uses: actions/upload-artifact@v1 with: name: Package path: build/jar